About

About C. Thomas, Custom Knife Maker

My hands have always been busy. In the military I was a  hospital corpsman suturing lacerations and administering medications. Out of the service I worked in a hospital laboratory and ran a seasonal taco stand. Later I operated some heavy equipment and then determined to build my own house with a large shop along side.  I have always kept busy with my hands. It’s been said that, “blessed is the man that finds enjoyment in his toil“. That would describe  me best.

I like to think I build a decent knife,  having acquired knowledge and experience from makers like Allen West and Ray Rantanen.  An original buckskinner, knife maker, muzzle loader gunsmith, Allen  taught me the basics:  heat treating, tempering and general knife construction.  He gave me my first handmade knife made of elk tine and 01 tool steel. Previously I never owned a knife that truly worked well, my experience was with production knives that either would not hold an edge or were too hard to sharpen, especially in the field. My new  “handmade”  knife was different. It  had character, cut excellent and (when needed) sharpened easily. Making a quality knife is what started many hours in the shop learning from Allen’s 30 years of experience. Later I met Master Blacksmith-Bladesmith Ray Rantanen. Ray is self taught with first hand experience, having pleased thousands of customers, Ray taught me some finer points of knife making, Damascus steel and leather work. These men and others, caused my enthusiasm for the craft to increase dramatically.

After making a few knives for my friends and family, I began receiving  referrals and before I knew it, I was attending a local gun show and sold a few, at a local craft show a few more were bought. Customers soon returned and acquired  a knife or two for family members as gifts. It appeared there where others that had appreciation for my knives.

To sum it up, that’s what got me started and now I can’t stop! Thanks to those who had the patience to show me the tricks of the trade.

Knife Making Methods and Materials

Originally starting with a 3 ft. circular saw blade or double cut band saw blade  I would rough out shapes with a chop saw. Now I use a plasma cutter, only the largest heaviest blades  and all Damascus blades do I forge into shape.  Medium and smaller blades  the stock is removed by slack belt grinding on a soft platen, this brings about the convex edge.

Note:  Most thinner blades are reground from 8670 (similar to L6 tool steel) German and Swedish industrial saw steel, recycled from the wood mills of North Idaho. Forged blades are from 01, L2, 8670, 5160 tool or spring steels or a combination thereof for Damascus.

While most industrial saw steel is good or great steel for making knives I think the smaller blades with carbide tips for handheld saws and table saws is questionable  steel.

For those who are interested in the chemistry of the saw steels I use, here is the break down from a very expensive spectroscopy machine.

Carbon
Manganese
Silicon
Chrom
Nickel
Moly
Vanadium
2 ft. circular (8670)
.677
.495
.298
.40
.85
.074
.016
2.5 ft. circular (8670)
.675
.463
.233
.43
.758
.109
5 ft. circular (80CrV2)
.80
.56
.275
.53
.034
.158
12 in. bandsaw (15N20)
.742
.42
.232
.134
.200
.01

about_heat-treat

Heat Treating

Larger blades are brought to just over critical temp  [1550 o F].  In a reducing atmosphere forge and quenched at  125 F in vegetable oil. Depending on the blade it is either edge quenched or the whole blade is submerged.

Small to medium sized blades are brought to just over critical temp with a oxygen/propane torch and edged quenched and then left to air cool on a towel. The blades depending on their use, are tempered at 350-450 F.  For one hour in a convection oven. By this procedure the resulting Rockwell  hardness is  58-60 hc  at  350 F.

about_fingerguard-bolsters

Finger Guards & Bolsters

I notch the bottom of the tang of the knife for a stop and also grind  fine grooves in the tang where the guard is to be silver soldered on, making a very complete bond for the solder. Bolsters are pinned and epoxied.  My favorite material to use is copper. It is hard to work with but I think the added effort is worth it. I also use brass and mild steel.

about_handles

Handles

With wood in most cases I vacuum stabilize with a heat cured resin. On oily hardwood I prep the wood with alcohol or acetone before I hand rub a Profin  finish  4-8 coats depending on the wood. Bone and antler, if porous, is sealed with cyanoacrylate {super glue}.  Then all handles are hand waxed with Collinite  carnauba wax.  Kitchen knife steel is coated with coconut oil. Though I always strive to use the  best  materials available there are sometimes imperfections in natural handle material that are outside my control.

about_sheaths

Sheaths

I  mostly use vegetable tanned  7-12oz shoulder leather  hand sewn with a welt. Most sheaths  are wet molded to fit the knife. After tooling , dying and drying they are buffed and burnished, then, 2 coats of Tandy’s Tan Kote are applied. For custom sheaths initials or a name can be added at little or no cost. Also horizontal carry sheaths can be made upon request for most small and medium sized knives.

about_etching

Etching

To add uniqueness to the knife I will etch the blade, and or the finger guard and butt. The etching process is a combination of a strong alkali or acid solu-tion and heat, the depth of the etch is a shallow 1 thousands to a deeper 4 thousands. Varying designs on the blade come forth which I can rarely duplicate so each knife is unique . After the etch the blade is neutralized with vinegar. On deeper etches gun bluing is applied for contrast and then hand sanded with a worn 900 grit belt. The etch truly makes for a one of a kind  knife. When I am at a show many people assume that some of my etched knives are Damascus steel. Though I do make my own  Damascus steel  I point out the difference between the two. Sometimes it is hard to tell the difference because a few of the etched blades look a lot like cable Damascus.

about_damascus

Damascus

The Damascus that I make is usually made of  01 drill rod and thick circular saw steel (L2).  The round stock is flattened and layers are then welded together with a 24 ton press.  After drawing out the billet, it is then cut into 3 pieces and forged together and draw out again . This process is repeated 3 times to give a 189 layer billet, or, it is twisted after the first cycle. Next it is forged flat again, cut into various lengths and then hand hammered into  the actual blade shape.